What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the gums and bone that support teeth, and it usually starts early in life, then progresses as a person ages. It all starts when plaque hardens into tartar (also called calculus) below the gum line. This irritates vulnerable soft tissues and infection can set in. Combined with decaying food particles lodged between teeth and bacteria emitted by plaque, the infection can spread quickly. Symptoms are so mild in the early phase, many patients don't recognize them: red, tender, swollen gums, bleeding when brushing teeth. As the condition progresses, gums recede from teeth and pockets of bacteria form. The bacteria can destroy gum tissue and bone, causing tooth and bone loss.

Why is Gum Disease being?

Periodontal Disease starts when plaque and tartar (calculus) are allowed to accumulate at the base of your teeth. The bacteria in the plaque leads to an infection in the gums called Gingivitis. Gingivitis is an early state of periodontal disease. Start the gums may become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Left untreated, the infection spreads to the tissue and bone that holds your teeth in place, a condition called Periodontitis . Because of the bacterial infection associated with Periodontitis, tooth abscesses are also common.

How is Gum Disease prevent ?

You should also brush twice a day, floss once a day, and use good mouth rinses at home. Regular dental visits at least every six months allow us to keep a watchful eye on the health of your gums. If you have overcome periodontal disease, you need to frequent check ups to ensure your mouth stays healthy for a lifetime.

What are Treatments for Gum Disease?

Once gum disease sets in, it can often treat it with non-surgical therapy including:

Scaling ? to remove hardened plaque from below the gum line Root Planing ? to reduce rough areas on teeth roots Antibiotic Therapy ? to battle infection Laser Treatment ? to remove bacteria and promote gum reattachment Surgery

Aesthetic and Surgical Periodontal Surgery

These procedures are a predictable way to cover unsightly, sensitive, or exposed root surfaces and to prevent future gum recession. Although your teeth appear short, they may actually be the proper length. They teeth may be covered with too much gum tissue. It can be corrected this by performing the periodontal plastic surgery procedure, crown lengthening.

Soft tissue graft: It is used to cover unattractive tooth roots, reduce gum recession, and protect the roots from decay and eventual loss. Tooth loss causes the jawbone to recede and can lead to an unnatural looking indentation in your gums and jaw, an appearance of a general aging. The original look of your mouth may not be recaptured because of spaces remaining under and between replacement teeth. They may appear too long compared to nearby teeth.

Bone grafting : Involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. Following tooth loss can preserve the socket/ridge and minimize gum and bone collapse. There is less shrinkage and a more aesthetic tooth replacement for either an implant crown or fixed bridge around the replacement teeth.

Crown Lengthening: Crown lengthening is required when your tooth needs a new crown or other restoration. The edge of that restoration is deep below the gum tissue and not accessible. It is also usually too close to the bone or below the bone.The procedure involves adjusting the level of the gum tissue and bone around the tooth in question to create a new gum-to?tooth relationship.

Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery: During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the tarter is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This method reduces the size of the space between the gum and tooth, thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow and decreasing the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.

Soft tissue grafts: This procedure reinforces thin gums or fills in places where gums have receded. Grafted tissue, most often taken from the roof of the mouth, is stitched in place, adding tissue to the affected area.

Guided tissue regeneration: Performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. Done in combination with flap surgery, a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow to better support the teeth.